Arabic homepage Go to home page Pesticides information Central Agricultural Pesticides Lab Our publication Laws and Decrees Contact us
Other Issues
CAPL Departments »
Training & Guidance »

CAPL Fights Pesticide Counterfeiting

 

 

 


Optimizing Pesticide Use
The guidance program of CAPL in 2009

 

 



 
 
Imidacloprid

1- Development
2- Physical and Chemical Properties
3- Acute Toxicity
4- Formulations contain this active ingredient
5- Toxicity classification

6- First Aid

7- Exposure Guidelines
Development
Insecticide reported by A. Elbert et al. (Proc. Br. Crop Prot. Conf. - Pests Dis., 1990, 1, 21). Introduced in 1991 by Bayer AG and Nihon Tokushu Noyaku Seizo KK.
Physical and Chemical Properties
Chemical class
Neonicotinoid
Belong to
List No. I
Chemical structure
Imidacloprid chemical structure
CAS RN

[138261-41-3]

Chemical Abstract Name

1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine

IUPAC name

1-(6-chloro-3-pyridylmethyl)-N-nitroimidazolidin-2-ylideneamine

Chemical fomula
C9H10ClN5O2
Form
Colourless crystals, with a weak characteristic odour.
Melting Point
144 °C
Henry's Constant
2 x 10-10 Pa m3 mol-1 (20 °C, calc.)
Vapour Pressure

4 x 10-7 mPa (20 °C); 9 x 10-7 mPa (25 ºC) 

Specific Denisty
1.54 (23 °C)
Solubility
In water 0.61 g/l (20 °C)  In dichloromethane 67, isopropanol 2.3, toluene 0.69 (all in g/l, 20 °C) in n-hexane <0.1 g/l, (ambient temperature).
Stability
Stable to hydrolysis at pH 5-11. 
Acute toxicity
Oral LD50  mg/kg bwt.
Animal
Male
Female
Rat
450
450
Mice
rabbite
 
Dermal LD50 mg/kg bwt.
Animal
Male
Female
Rat
>5000
Gonia big
 
rabbite
Formulations contain this active ingredient
Trade name
registration No
Admire 20% SC 700
Confidor(200) 20% SL 518
Gaucho 70% WS 509
Pestidor 25% WP 1028
Toxicity classification
WHO Classification II

Definition

Moderately hazardous
color code Yellow
First Aid
IF ON SKIN OR CLOTHING: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15-20 minutes. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
IF IN EYES:  Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15-20 minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present, after first 5 minutes, then continue rinsing eyes. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
IF SWALLOWED:  Call a poison control center or doctor immediately for treatment advice. Have person sip a glass of water if able to swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by a poison control center or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
IF INHALED:   Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call anambulance, then give artificial respiration, preferably mouth-to-mouth if possible. Call poison control center or doctor for further treatment advice.
 
Exposure Guidelines:
ADI:  0.06 mg/kg/day
RfD: 0.057 mg/kg/day
 
Ministry of AgricultureCAPL
 

The web designed and developed by
Dr Khaled H. Gabrowny

Copyright© 2009 Central Agricultural Pesticides Laboratory